Adverb is the part of speech that provide additional information about some verb, I adjective or some other adverb.
Just like an adjective some noun or pronoun, an adverb describes some verb, I adjective or some other adverb.
Adverb can be classified into different categories depending on their use. —
- adverb of time
- adverb of frequency
- adverb of place
- adverb of manner
- adverb of degree or quantity
- adverb of affirmation or negative
- adverb of reason
Adverb of time
The adverb of time elaborated on the time of an activity. Ex.
- I am going o to school *now.
- he arrived late for work.
Adverb of frequency or adverb of numbers :-
The adverb of frequency elaborated on how many times of any activity. Adverb of frequency is also something referred to the adverb of number. Ex
- I have read the book twice .
He often comes here .
Adverb of place
When an adverb describe where an activity was done, it is known as the adverb of place .
- come here .
- go there .
Adverb of manner
When an adverb describe the quality of an activity being done , it is known the adverb of manner .
- Write clearly .
- Ram works hard .
Adverb of degree or quantity
The adverb of degree elaborate on the quantity.
- I am fully prepared for the exam.
- Works very hard .
POSITION OF ADVERBS
सदैव ADVERB को उस शब्द के जिसकी वह विशेषता प्रकट करता है पास से पास रखना चाहिए क्योंकि वाक्य में क्रिया विशेषण (Adverb) की स्थितिके अनुसार वाक्य के अर्थ में परिवर्तन हो जाता है – –
(A) Intransitive verb की विशेषता बताने वाला adverb सामान्यतः उस क्रिया (verb ) के पश्चात आता है ।
1. all the boys in the class work well
2. my friend lives there.
3. she spoke fluently
( B) किंतु कॉल बोधक क्रिया विशेषण (adverb of time) उन मुख्य क्रियाओं के पहले आते हैं जिनकी वे विशेषता बताते हैं
1. he always speaks the truth.
2. he never confessed His fault
3. I sometimes feel depressed.
4 he seldom drives after sunset
(C) किंतु यही कालबोधक क्रिया विशेषण (adverbs of time) “to be” क्रिया के बाद में प्रयुक्त होते हैं
1. she is always careful.
2. I was always punctual
(D) जब transitive verb के बाद में उसका ऑब्जेक्ट (object) हो तब adverb ऑब्जेक्ट के बाद में आता है
1. he does his work carefully.
2. the student read the book loudly.
(E) if there is both helping verb and main verb in the sentence then the adverb is placed between helping verb and main verb
1. he is almost dying, I fear.
2. I have already forgiven you
(F) the negative adverb “not” is always placed between the helping verb and the main verb
1. I did not know how will he was.
2. we have not seen him since Monday last.
Question – 20
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