COMPLEX SENTENCE

Simple Sentence

A simple sentence is one independent clause that has a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought.?

Notice that there are some important requirements for a simple sentence:

  • Must have a subject and a verb.
  • Must express a complete thought.
  • Must have only one clause.

Examples of Simple Sentence

1. Jiya went to the cloth store.
2. Suman and Siddhi are going.
3. The frog jumped into the pond.
4. Can I have some juice to drink?
5. The food smells delicious.
6. There is a person in the car.
7. Look at the blackboard.
8. I ate some bananas.
9. Will you help me with the maths homework?
10. The beggar is too weak to walk.

COMPLEX SENTENCE

Definition- A Complex sentence is made from a Principal Clause and at least one subordinate Clause.

Look at the following sentence

They rested when evening came.

इस वाक्य के दो भाग हैं –
1. They rested.
2. When evening came.

इनमें से प्रथम उपवाक्य They rested एक पूर्ण भाव व्यक्त करता है और यह स्वयं एक पूर्ण वाक्य की तरह निर्भर रह सकता है।
So this is called a Principal Clause or Main Clause.

इसके विपरीत दूसरा उपवाक्य When evening came एक पूर्ण भाव व्यक्त नहीं करता है और यह एक पूर्ण वाक्य की तरह स्वतंत्र नहीं रह सकता है।

अपने अर्थ को पूर्ण करने के लिए यह एक दूसरे उपवाक्य They rested पर आश्रित हैl अतः यह एक आश्रित उपवाक्य (Dependent Clause or Subordinate Clause) है l

अतः उपरोक्त वाक्य They rested when evening came. एक कांप्लेक्स सेंटेंस है।

look at the following sentence –

Night came on and rain fell heavily and we all get very wet.

The above sentences is made from the following three sentences –

1. Night came on.
2. Rain fail heavily.
3. We all got very wet.

उपरोक्त तीनों वाक्य को co-ordinate conjunction and के द्वारा जोड़ दिया गया है । इन तीनों वाक्यों में स्वयं का एक अलग अलग subject and predicate है । इस प्रकार प्रत्येक वाक्य एक दूसरे से स्वतंत्र है । अतः इन में से प्रत्येक वाक्य समान पद वाले उपवाक्य (coordinate clause) हैं ।

Note – इन तीनों वाक्य में से प्रत्येक वाक्य में एक finite verb भी हैं

Definition – ऐसा वाक्य जो एक से अधिक स्वतंत्र उपवाक्यों से मिलकर बना हो एक *संयुक्त वाक्य (कंपाउंड सेंटेंस) कहलाता है ।

अतः उपरोक्त वाक्य Night came on and rain fell heavily and we all got very wet.  एक कंपाउंड सेंटेंस है

Note – यह भी कहा जा सकता है कि एक कंपाउंड सेंटेंस दो या दो से अधिक सिंपल सेंटेंस से मिलकर बना होता है।

 

Quiz 

Question – 12

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प्रश्न=1- you will fail...... You work harder. ?

Correct! Wrong!

प्रश्न=2- trust in God .......do the right.?

Correct! Wrong!

प्रश्न=3-........ It rains, we must start .?

Correct! Wrong!

प्रश्न=4-the woman ...... Husband was killed last week has gone mad .?

Correct! Wrong!

Q.5 getting up, Ram run away.

Correct! Wrong!

Q.6 he must run fast to catch the train.

Correct! Wrong!

Q. 7 I saw a lion and run ran away.

Correct! Wrong!

Q.8 we must eat, or we cannot live.

Correct! Wrong!

Q. 9 Ram liked my proposal.

Correct! Wrong!

Q.10 find out his birth place

Correct! Wrong!

Q.11 Rohit confessed that he was guilty

Correct! Wrong!

Q.12 Ram who is my friend is coming here

Correct! Wrong!

Simple to Complex Sentence Quiz
BAD! You Few answers correct! need hard work
GOOD! You well tried but got some wrong! need more preparation
VERY GOOD! You well tried but got some wrong! need preparation
AWESOME! Your quiz correct ! Keep on like this

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Specially thanks to Post and Quiz makers ( With Regards )

Jitendra kumar patel, Mukesh Kumar sheshma

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