Direct and Indirect Speech

Speech – means the way of expressing the statement of any person. English language has two ways to narrate the spoken words of a person. 

These two ways are as follows :

  1. Direct speech
  2. Indirect speech

These two ways are usually to convey a message (spoken -word) of one person to another person. 

For Example – 

you are at your collage. Mr David , who is your teacher, says to you ,” I want to meet your parents. ” when you come to home, you will inform your parents in the fallowing two ways.

Direct speech : Mr. David said , “I want to meet your parents. “
Indirect speech : Mr. David said that he wanted to meet my parents.

These two ways are also used to simply narrate spoken word of one person to another .Here is another example suppose, you meet your friend, Mr. John In a market. Mr john says to you, “I brought a book for you. ” when you come ,you may say the words of Mr. John to your brother in the following two ways :

direct speech : Mr John said , “I bought a book for you. “
Indirect speech : Mr. John said that he had bought a book for me .

Direct and indirect speech are also called direct and indirect narrations.
Some examples….

Direct speech – he said, “ I am unwell. “
Indirect speech he said that he was unwell .

D.the girl said, “ I like singing .”
I.the girl said that she liked singing.

1. Direct speech- 

means to express the statement of a person as it is (same to same in his / her own words ).

Example- Ram said to me, “I am preparing for the examination.”

Note- यहां पर राम के कथन को उन्हीं के शब्दों में यथावत (same to same) व्यक्त किया गया है ।

2. Indirect speech

means to express the statement of a person in a different way (different from his / her own words)

Example- Ram said to me that he was preparing for the examination.

Note- यहां पर राम के कथन को एक अलग ही तरीके से व्यक्त किया गया है (उनके शब्दों में थोड़ा सा परिवर्तन कर दिया गया है)

Note- किसी व्यक्ति के कथन को चाहे direct speech में व्यक्त किया जाए या Indirect speech में व्यक्त किया जाए, दोनों ही स्थितियों में कथन का अर्थ समान रहता है । कथन के अर्थ में कोई परिवर्तन नहीं होता है।

Ram said to Sita,,” I am going to school now”.

Isme-  Ram said to Sita – Reporting verb h.

  • Ram Speaker h.
  • Sita listener.
  • I am going to school – reported speech h.
  • Ram told sita that he was going to school than.

Jesa ki btaya gya h ki isme kus 5 change hue h

1. Reporting verb
2. Conjunction
3. Pronoun
4. HV/ m.v
5. Time

1. Reporting verb

2. Conjunction  

A. Yadi sentence simple ho.to .

  • Said – said
  • Said to – told.
  • Say – say
  • Say to – tell
  • Says – says
  • Says to – tells
  • And conjunction- that

B. Yadi sentence interrogative me ho.

  • Say/ says to – ask
  • Said / said to -asked

Conjunction- if  Or wh Word ho to wh  word hi aayega.

C. Imperative :-

Sentence k bhav k anusar.
Requested, ordered, commanded aata h.

Conjunction- to or negative ho to – not to

D. Optative.

Sentence k bhav k anusar…blessed , wished

Conjunction- that.

E. Exclamatory:-

Sentence k bhav k anusar.

Exclaimed with joy / sorrow.

Conjunction- that

3. Pronoun me change.

1. 1st Person ( I, me, my ,myself ) Speaker k according change hote h. We, our, us ko hum they their them me change krte h…

2. 2nd person you, your, you  Listener k according change hote h.

3. Third person:- He his him she her her they their them it ,its, it inko nahi bdlte h.

4. HV./ MV. Me change

  • v1. – v2
  • v2. – had+ v3
  • Is/ am/ are. – was/ were
  • Has/have. – had
  • Do/ does. – did / main verb ki second form
  • Did – had+ v3
  • Had – had
  • Will – would
  • Shall – should
  • Can – could
  • May. – might
  • Must – had to

Baki sbhi modal same rhte h.

Note: universal truth me kbhi verb change nhi hoti

For example:

Ram says to me,” Earth moves around the sun”.

Ram tells that Earth moves around the sun.

5. Time  

  • Today. – that day
  • Tonight – that night
  • Tomorrow – the next day
  • The next day – the following day
  • Yesterday/ last day – the previous day
  • Now – than
  • This – that
  • These – those
  • Here – there.
  • After- before
  • Ago- before.

Quiz 

Question – 12

0%

*प्रश्न=1-Ramesh asked me.

Correct! Wrong!

*प्रश्न=2-he asked me,........a teacher.

Correct! Wrong!

Q. 3 the teacher said to die boys, "you were making a noise"

Correct! Wrong!

Q. 4. Sheela said," I am milking the cow"

Correct! Wrong!

Q. 5 he said," Annu studied here"

Correct! Wrong!

Q. 6 he said to her," am I reading a novel ?"

Correct! Wrong!

Q. 7 she said to me," who teaches you English ?"

Correct! Wrong!

Q. 8 I said to Tom," work hard"

Correct! Wrong!

Q. 9 she said to me," do not go "

Correct! Wrong!

Q. 10. Chhotu said," yes, I am in the wrong "

Correct! Wrong!

Q. 11 she said," o for a glass of milk

Correct! Wrong!

Q. 12 he said," if I were a king"

Correct! Wrong!

Direct-Indirect Speech Quiz
VERY BAD! You got Few answers correct! need hard work.
BAD! You got Few answers correct! need hard work
GOOD! You well tried but got some wrong! need more preparation
VERY GOOD! You well tried but got some wrong! need preparation
AWESOME! You got the quiz correct! KEEP IT UP

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continue …

For example:

Ram said to me,” I have completed my work”.

Ram told me that he had completed his work.

Yadi reported speech me Let’s diya h to usko hatakr they should lgaye.

Ram said to me,” let’s go now”.
Ram suggested that they should go than.

Indirect Speech for Imperative Sentences

A sentence that expresses a command, a request, an advice or a suggestion is called an imperative sentence.
Examples-

Open the door. (command)

Please help me. (request)

Quit smoking. (advice)

⭕ Imperative sentence का Indirect speech बनाने पर said/told के स्थान पर ordered, requested, advised, suggested शब्दों का प्रयोग किया जाता है ।
Example-

1⃣She said to me, “Please help me.”
She requested me to help her.

2⃣Teacher said to him, “Do not waste your time”
Teacher advised him not to waste his time.

3⃣Doctor said to him, “Avoid unhealthy food”
Doctor advised him to avoid unhealthy food.

4⃣The Boss said to the employee, “Get out of the room”
The Boss ordered the employee to get out of the room.

5⃣He said to his servant, “Clean the room”.
He ordered his servant to clean the room.

Quiz 

Question – 28

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1. “Call the first witness”, said the Judge.

Correct! Wrong!

2. The queen said to her son, “You must go to the forest and remain there till your father calls you back.”

Correct! Wrong!

3. I said to her, “All your faults will be pardoned if you confess them.”

Correct! Wrong!

4. He said to Sita, “When do you intend to pay back the money you borrowed from me?”

Correct! Wrong!

5. “Let’s give a party”, said Jaya. “Let’s not”, said her husband.

Correct! Wrong!

6. The old man of Latur said, “Alas! my only son is dead.”

Correct! Wrong!

7. She said to the girl, “Did you do this ?”

Correct! Wrong!

8. “Many happy returns of your birthday”, we said.

Correct! Wrong!

9. “Doctor”, the patient cried, “please tell me how much time I have.”

Correct! Wrong!

10. “So help me Heaven!” he cried, “I never steal again.”

Correct! Wrong!

11. She said, “I’ll give you Rs. 100/- to keep your mouth shut.”

Correct! Wrong!

12. From one of the windows of my flat I can see the Qutub Minar’, said my friend.

Correct! Wrong!

13. The teacher said to the student, “Why were you absent yesterday?”

Correct! Wrong!

14. The teacher said to Ashok, “I shall report the matter to the Principal if you misbehave again.”

Correct! Wrong!

15. “Fi! A soldier and afraid of fighting!” said Babar.

Correct! Wrong!

16. The teacher said to Ram, “Would you like to go on a trip to Kashmir?” Ram said, “Yes.”

Correct! Wrong!

17. Everybody said, “How well she sings!”

Correct! Wrong!

18. “Suppose your children go out for a nice long walk”, she said.

Correct! Wrong!

19. "Where are you going for your holidays?"

Correct! Wrong!

20. My mother said, "Don't go very far into the sea."

Correct! Wrong!

21."Have you submitted your report yet?"

Correct! Wrong!

22.He said to them, "Don't make a noise."

Correct! Wrong!

23."What happened ?" She said.

Correct! Wrong!

24 .I said to pooja, Dont tease the baby.

Correct! Wrong!

25 .Anju asked neha if she was going to market.

Correct! Wrong!

26. "Shall i carry your bag?" He said to me.

Correct! Wrong!

27."What a dirty face you have!"

Correct! Wrong!

28.My sister told me that i cant be happy in......

Correct! Wrong!

Direct and Indirect speech Quiz
VERY BAD! Your Few answers correct! need hard work.
BAD! You Few answers correct! need hard work
GOOD! You well tried but got some wrong! need more preparation
VERY GOOD! You well tried but got some wrong! need preparation
AWESOME! Your quiz correct ! Keep on like this

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Specially thanks to Post and Quiz makers ( With Regards )

Jitendra kumar patel, Indrajeet Nishad, Rekharam dhaka churu, Aditya Balesha

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