in English all the verbs have been divided mainly into two groups
1. main verbs
2. auxiliary verbs

AUXILIARY VERBS
auxiliary verbs too have two categories
1. primary auxiliary verbs
2. modal auxiliary verbs

PRIMARY AUXILIARY VERBS

primary auxiliary verbs are used in tenses and they show the various forms of the verbs and actions. they tell us about the general sense of the verbs and actions in different tenses.

MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS

modal auxiliary verbs are MAINLY used to show the different moods, emotions, ability, warning, possibility, determination, obligation, advice, moral duty, suggestions etc.

Example….
1. I can speak English.( ability )
2. you may go now. (permission )
2. he should consult a doctor. (suggestion)
4. we ought to respect our nation. (moral duty )
5. I will kill you. ( threat)
6. Veera shall pass the exam.
( determination )
7. you shall not disturb me again.
( warning )
8. could I take your pen?( request )

MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS

Uses of SHOULD HAVE

भूतकाल में किसी व्यक्ति को कोई कार्य करना चाहिए था ka भाव दर्शाने के लिए Should have का प्रयोग किया जाता है । इसके साथ हमेशा थर्ड फॉर्म का ही प्रयोग किया जाता है। इस प्रकार के वाक्यों में पछतावा, जिम्मेदारी, अफसोस का भाव प्रकट होता है ।
examples..
I should have done my homework. Ram should have studied this year. Raj should have gone to the job yesterday.
Krishna should not have gone to the cinema.

Uses of COULD HAVE
भूतकाल में कोई व्यक्ति कुछ काम कर सकता था लेकिन वह काम किया नहीं गया। इस भाव को दर्शाने के लिए Could have का प्रयोग होता है
examples..
they could have repaired the fan.
bablu could have attended the class.
teacher could have punished me.
he could have become a doctor.

Uses of MIGHT HAVE
“शायद कोई व्यक्ति कुछ काम कर चुका होगा ” का भाव दर्शाने के लिए Might have का प्रयोग किया जाता है ।
you might have read the story of Shivaji.
his uncle might have reached home.
Sachin might have gone to Delhi.
Girish might have learned Spanish.

Uses of OUGHT TO
यह should के समान व्यवहार करता है । ये हमेशा moral obligation, duty, logical necessity, expectation का भाव दर्शाते है ।
example
we ought to respect our teachers. the students ought not to misbehave with others.
the rich ought to help the poor.

 

PLAY QUIZ 

No of Questions -40

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Specially thanks to Post and Quiz maker ( With Regards )

Jitendra Kumar Patel Raipur Chhattisgarh, Mukesh kumar shushma sikar, हिमांशु बापना भीलवाड़ा, Mamta jaipur, प्रवीन कुमार पटना

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