Modals

in English all the verbs have been divided mainly into two groups
1. main verbs
2. auxiliary verbs

AUXILIARY VERBS
auxiliary verbs too have two categories
1. primary auxiliary verbs
2. modal auxiliary verbs

PRIMARY AUXILIARY VERBS

primary auxiliary verbs are used in tenses and they show the various forms of the verbs and actions. they tell us about the general sense of the verbs and actions in different tenses.

MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS

modal auxiliary verbs are MAINLY used to show the different moods, emotions, ability, warning, possibility, determination, obligation, advice, moral duty, suggestions etc.

Example….
1. I can speak English.( ability )
2. you may go now. (permission )
2. he should consult a doctor. (suggestion)
4. we ought to respect our nation. (moral duty )
5. I will kill you. ( threat)
6. Veera shall pass the exam.
( determination )
7. you shall not disturb me again.
( warning )
8. could I take your pen?( request )

MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS

Uses of SHOULD HAVE

भूतकाल में किसी व्यक्ति को कोई कार्य करना चाहिए था ka भाव दर्शाने के लिए Should have का प्रयोग किया जाता है । इसके साथ हमेशा थर्ड फॉर्म का ही प्रयोग किया जाता है। इस प्रकार के वाक्यों में पछतावा, जिम्मेदारी, अफसोस का भाव प्रकट होता है ।
examples..
I should have done my homework. Ram should have studied this year. Raj should have gone to the job yesterday.
Krishna should not have gone to the cinema.

Uses of COULD HAVE
भूतकाल में कोई व्यक्ति कुछ काम कर सकता था लेकिन वह काम किया नहीं गया। इस भाव को दर्शाने के लिए Could have का प्रयोग होता है
examples..
they could have repaired the fan.
bablu could have attended the class.
teacher could have punished me.
he could have become a doctor.

Uses of MIGHT HAVE
“शायद कोई व्यक्ति कुछ काम कर चुका होगा ” का भाव दर्शाने के लिए Might have का प्रयोग किया जाता है ।
you might have read the story of Shivaji.
his uncle might have reached home.
Sachin might have gone to Delhi.
Girish might have learned Spanish.

Uses of OUGHT TO
यह should के समान व्यवहार करता है । ये हमेशा moral obligation, duty, logical necessity, expectation का भाव दर्शाते है ।
example
we ought to respect our teachers. the students ought not to misbehave with others.
the rich ought to help the poor.

 

PLAY QUIZ 

No of Questions -40

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Q.1 He ..... work this sum.

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Q.2 You........ keep your promise.

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Q.3 He ..... talk about nothing but films

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Q.4 He...... not enter my house again.

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Q.5 I thought he ....... be at home.

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Q.6 ......... success attend you ?

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Q.7 I ......be on a diet.

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Q.8 Prices........Come down soon.

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Q.9 He..... Not take such a step.

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Q.10 We .....get up early.

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प्रश्न=11-He told me that he_____go to the party.

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प्रश्न=12-He is so intelligent that he____read at the age of three.

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प्रश्न=13-___I borrow your pen?

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प्रश्न=14-I_____be a teenager at the end of this month.

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प्रश्न=15-You ___take my umbrella in case it rains.

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प्रश्न=16-we __ follow traffic rules

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प्रश्न=17-Rita____go to school tomorrow.

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प्रश्न=18-It____rain tomorrow.

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प्रश्न=19-You___improve your mathematics.

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प्रश्न=20-This book_____be very useful.

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21. He ......to do this work.

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22. He ........not talk to me.

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23. ... ...I see your dairy?

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24. ..... ..I take your umbrella, please?

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25. If I had money, I .......buy a car.

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26. It.......rain today.

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27. They .......take medicine on time.

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28. Work hard lest he ......fail.

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29. She........have obeyed her husband.

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30. You .....not to have laughed at her mistakes.

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प्रश्न=31 - He .... lift the box

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प्रश्न=32- I …… not come yesterday.

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प्रश्न=33- It ..... rain tonight

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प्रश्न=34- .....you live long !

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प्रश्न=35- .... I come in sir?

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Q.36 If you request , he ... .help you.

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Q.37 ......I use it now?

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Q.38 I....... help you

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Q.39 .......I smoke in here ?

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Q. 40 You .........Park your vehicle here.

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Modals Question Quiz ( English Grammar )
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Specially thanks to Post and Quiz maker ( With Regards )

Jitendra Kumar Patel Raipur Chhattisgarh, Mukesh kumar shushma sikar, हिमांशु बापना भीलवाड़ा, Mamta jaipur, प्रवीन कुमार पटना

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