Phonetic symbols: – the symbols that represent the sound produced by organs of speech are called phonetic symbols. These symbols are used to transcribe words.i. e. To put down in writing what exactly one says. There is an alphabet called international phonetic alphabet I.P.A.
- e- Went, intend, send, letter.
- æ- Cat, hand, nap, flat, have.
- ʌ- Fun, love, money, one, London, come.
- ʊ- Put, look, should, cook, book, look.
- ɒ- Rob, top, watch, squat, sausage.
- ə- Alive, again, mother.
Phonetic transcription also known as phonetic script or phonetic notation is the visual representation of speech sounds or phones. The most common type of phonetic transcription uses of a phonetic alphabet, such as the international phonetic alphabet.
A written or printed representation of speech using phonetic alphabet. Whereas , in standard orthography the same letter can be used to represent different sounds (the y in sky and syrup ). And different combination of letters can be used to represent the same sound ( the ee of meet and the ea of meat ),a phonetic symbol always represent the same sound, and a sound is always represent by the same symbol speech can be transcribed.
Vowel sounds are 20 n vowels are 5
These vowel sounds are divided into two.
- Pure vowels sounds or vocoids
- Diphthongs or contoids
Pure vowel sounds:- when is sound consists of a single wobble sound is called pure vowel sounds . They are 12 in number.
Diphthongs or contoids : combination of two pure vowels into one sound is called a discount is a gliding speech sound which is considered to be a single sound and represented by a combination of two vowels.
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