PRONOUN –  (सर्वनाम)

Pronoun are those words which are used in place of Noun.

परिभाषा:- सर्वनाम वे शब्द है जो संज्ञा के स्थान पर प्रयोग किये जाते हैं

I,we, my, mine, me, your, yours, our, ours, they, their, he ,she, her ,it, ourselves, them, himself, myself etc…

Ex:- He has gone to school.
She is reading.

RAM is a handsome boy . He is my student .

Sita is a beautiful girl she lives with her husband

ऊपर दिए गए सुनें नाउन के रूप में राम सीता Adobe का प्रयोग किया गया भाग्य वाक्य में आप देख सकते हैं कि राम सीता अशोक के बदले प्रोनाउन के रूप में ही सीट का प्रयोग किया

Kinds of Pronoun

Kinds of Noun:-

1. Personal PRONOUN

I, We, you ,they, he,she ,it आदि personal pronoun कहलाते है जो सर्वनाम किसी व्यक्ति अथवा वस्तु के लिए प्रयोग हो उसे personal pronoun कहते हे

  • you have a watch.
  • I went to the temple.
  • She sings a song.

उपर्युक्त वाक्यो में you ,I, She से व्यक्ति का बोध होता है इसलिए ये personal pronoun है I me we us you he him she her it they them इनमें ध्यान देने वाली बात है कि जो pronoun हैं उनका subjective है और objective रूप है

निम्न वाक्यो को ध्यान से देखे

  • Ram is my friend .I love him
  • Nirmla is my sister.I sent a letter to her
  • Boys and girls are playing.Call them here.

Reciprocal pronoun दो तरह की होती है

  • Each other ( दो व्यक्तियों या वस्तुओं के बीच में)
  • One another (दो से अधिक व्यक्तियों या वस्तुओं के बीच मे )

Ex.1 The two girls Love Each other.

Reflexive Pronoun

Sentence मे subject द्वारा खुद /संवय कार्य करना दर्शाने के लिए प्रयुक्त pronouns , जो प्रकट करे कि कार्य का effect doer पर पडता है, reflexive pronoun कहलाते है । 

myself, ourselves, yourself,  himself, herself, itself, themselves, one seller emphatic or

Emphatic pronoun

Sentence मे subject द्वारा खुद /स्वंय कार्य करना दर्शाने के प्रयुक्त pronouns जो doer पर जोर डालते हो और subject के तुरंत बाद प्रयुक्त होते है, emphatic pronoun कहलाते है ।

myself, ourselves, yourself, yourself, himself, herself is cell of themselves once our lives

Demonstrative Pronoun

वे pronouns जो किसी संज्ञा की और pin point करे, Demonstrative pronoun कहलाते है ।

this, that ,these, those, such, the same.

Indefinite pronoun

कुछ pronouns अनिश्चित संख्या मे person या thing को प्रदर्शित करते है, उन्हे indefinite pronoun कहते है ।

everybody, somebody, nobody, anybody, everyone, someone, no one, anyone, everything, something, nothing, anything, all some, any both, another, maths you later little

Relative pronoun

वे pronouns जो अपने पहले आने वाले Nouns या Pronouns का संबंध आगे आने वाले action से show करते है, Relative Pronoun कहलाते है । who, whom, whose, which, that relative pronouns

Distributive pronoun

Each, Every , Either, Neither एक समय मे एक समूह मे से एक व्यक्ति या वस्तु को दर्शाते है अत: इनके बाद आने वाली verb भी singular होती है । 

Interrogative Pronoun

ऐसे pronouns जो प्रश्न पूछने के काम मे लिए जाते है उन्हे interrogative pronoun कहते है । who, whom, whose, which, what

Exclamatory pronoun

आश्चर्य प्रकट करने वाले pronouns, Exclamatory pronoun कहलाते है । ‘ ~What etc .Exclamatory pronoun है ।~

what !

Impersonal Pronoun

जो pronouns ऐसे Nouns के लिए use किए जाते हो ,जो अव्यक्त होते है ,impersonal pronoun कहलाते है ।

Reciprocal pronoun

Each other, one another, reciprocal pronoun है क्योंकि ये reciprocal या mutual action को बताते है । 
Each other का use दो, one another का use दो से अधिक व्यक्तियो या वस्तुओ के लिए किया जाता है । 

Possessive pronoun

ये pronouns जो possessions ( अधिकार ) show करते है, possessive pronoun कहलाते है । 
my , mine ,our , ours ,your, yours,his ,her, hers , it, its , one ‘s, their, theirs etc.


Play Quiz

No Of Question- 21


1.Objective pronoun in sentence "All of you come to science lab." is

Correct! Wrong!

2.Object pronoun in sentence "They want to help her." is

Correct! Wrong!

3.Subject pronoun in sentence "You stole my idea." is

Correct! Wrong!

4.Demonstrative pronoun in sentence "Those items should be kept carefully." is

Correct! Wrong!

5.Distributive pronoun in sentence "Neither of those two was passed." is

Correct! Wrong!

6 whom has he invited.(find pronoun)

Correct! Wrong!

7 Each of the boys has their own book. (find the pronoun)

Correct! Wrong!

8 Ms. Reena being a good teacher. she is liked by all day students. (find pronoun)

Correct! Wrong!

9 He hurt himself.( find pronoun)

Correct! Wrong!

10. this is the book that my father wrote

Correct! Wrong!

11. John himself went to check the account balance

Correct! Wrong!

12.he killed himself

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13.this is a cat

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14.what do you like for me

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Q: 15 He made.... But failed.

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Q:16 Neither of them had done....Work.

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Q:17 I have bought a NEW.......

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Find the errors 18. You and I(A) /have done(B) / my best(C) /to complete this task(D)

Correct! Wrong!

Ans. (C) our best

19. The terrorist (A)/which was caught(B) /was shouting at the police inspector(c) /who was taking him to the prison(D)

Correct! Wrong!

Ans. (B) who was caught

20. Whomever(A) /comes late for exam(B)/ will not be allowed(C) / to take examination(D)

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Ans. (A)... Whoever

21. You and myself(A)/ will enjoy the party(B)/ arranged in our(C)/ locality for Holi(D) Ans.(A) and I

Correct! Wrong!

Ans.(A) and I

Pronoun Quiz ( English Grammar Question )

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